What are the challenges of Synthetix?

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Synthetix is a decentralised finance product that is used to trade crypto-assets. It provides a trustless and decentralised trading platform for users to buy, sell, and trade crypto-assets such as Ethereum and Bitcoin.

This article will discuss the challenges users face when using the Synthetix platform. It will elaborate on Synthetix, how it works, and its challenges.

What Is Synthetix and How Does It Work?

Synthetix is an open-source protocol on the Ethereum network that provides a decentralised platform for trading synthetic assets. It enables users to gain and settle exposure to real-world assets by creating and trading digital tokens (known as Synths) representing those assets; this includes a broad range of commodities, stocks and world currencies.

The protocol leverages proprietary algorithms to determine the price of its Synths according to liquidity, demand and other factors. It also allows users to move seamlessly between different Syths and serve as collateral for loans, debt securities, and derivatives.

Synthetix is designed to give users control over their funds due to its decentralised governance structure — meaning that decisions are made collectively by all stakeholders instead of being controlled by a centralised entity or organisation. However, some challenges remain when using Synthetix as part of a larger trading strategy such as market volatility, poor liquidity, high transaction fees and protocol complexity.

How Does Synthetix Work?

Synthetix is a decentralised derivatives platform that enables users to create synthetic tokens, or Synths, such as a synthetic US Dollar (sUSD), Bitcoin (sBTC) and more. Ethereum backs these tokens to ensure that they have real-world value.

Synthetix works using an automated market maker (AMM) model. This model is designed to provide liquidity and allow users to trade in complete trustless decentralisation while eliminating counterparty risk. Within the Synthetix network, “keepers” earn fees for providing liquidity by staking Synths into “pools” to sell them on the platform’s decentralised exchange.

The challenges of Synthetix include:

  • Providing secure decentralised trades.
  • Ensuring that its tokens remain pegged to real-world values.
  • Maintaining fee structures for keepers.
  • Responding quickly and efficiently to changing market conditions and maintaining overall network security.
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Synthetix has developed sophisticated smart contracts and data feeds from reliable external sources such as CoinMarketCap API and central banks worldwide to overcome these challenges. Additionally, it has created mechanisms such as collateral ratios for stability fees to respond quickly to sudden price shifts across the virtual assets it supports to maintain adequate margin levels from its traders.


Synthetix is a decentralised finance (DeFi) platform, creating synthetic assets or Synths, that can be exchanged and traded against one another or other assets tracked by Synthetix.

As a decentralised platform, Synthetix has challenges, which need to be considered when using the platform. In this article, we will look at the challenges of Synthetix and how they affect its users.

Lack of Liquidity

Synthetix is a platform that enables traders to access a wide range of asset classes by trading on NFT backed synthetic tokens. However, while it is an attractive and innovative platform, there have been drawbacks in terms of liquidity. In many cases, the lack of liquidity has led to issues for traders in particular markets as buying and selling tokens tends to result in larger spreads than normal.

This lack of liquidity can also make it difficult for Synthetix to list additional assets on its platform as the risk of increased spreads exists even with lower-volume assets. This issue could be addressed with more decentralised exchanges integrating with Synthetix and taking on risk associated with its products.

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Furthermore, it is essential that the Synthetix team strategically works with trusted exchange and market makers to help increase overall liquidity in different asset markets to decrease risk associated with synthetic token trading.


Synthetix is a decentralised protocol that exposes users to volatile currency markets. As such, there is a risk of fluctuating price movements in the value of these assets. For example, suppose a holder has Synthetix (SNX) or any other asset connected to their portfolio. In that case, the price of that asset could rapidly decline in value due to poor market conditions or volatility. This would reduce the user’s total portfolio value, which may not be recoverable.

In addition, Synthentix’s DeFi approach relies on automated parameters such as collateral and lending rates with no control over external factors (like inflation). This could cause an artificial shift in the value of assets inside the platform, resulting in unpredictable outcomes for investors unprepared to handle these volatilities.

To mitigate these risks and others within Synthetix’s system, users need to understand the changes enacted by the protocol throughout its lifetime. Additionally, advanced traders should routinely monitor their strategies and adjust them to capitalise on potential opportunities while minimising potential losses from market turbulence.

Counterparty Risk

Synthetix, an Ethereum-based protocol, enables issuing derivatives that track prices of various assets such as cryptocurrencies, stocks, and anything tradable on exchanges. Synthetix uses a “synthetic asset” called sUSD which is issued against collateral held in a smart contract. Investors use sUSD to trade assets without buying the underlying asset itself.

Counterparty risk is one of the primary challenges for Synthetix users. Counterparty risk is the potential for other parties involved in a transaction or agreement not to fulfil their obligations to the user. For example, this can happen when users put up collateral to obtain sUSD, but cannot repay their obligations when due. As such, users must exercise caution when entering into transactions or agreements with unfamiliar or untested counter parties. This may be done by carefully evaluating creditworthiness and other factors before entering into agreements or transactions with unknown counterparties. Additionally, users must be aware of counterparty default risk and how this may impact their ability to repay debts associated with Synthetix-issued derivatives.


Synthetix is a complex digital platform that enables synthetic asset creation, trading and exchange. With Synthetix, users can gain exposure to different real-world assets without holding the underlying assets themselves. This can provide a range of advantages, but there are also some challenges associated with Synthetix.

This section will explore the solutions to these challenges.

Increasing Liquidity

Increasing liquidity is a crucial challenge for the Synthetix network. However, it’s tricky to maintain sufficient liquidity with pockets of high activity. Consequently, the Synthetix team has designed various solutions to address this challenge.

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First, they are developing a new version of their onboarding platform, allowing users to easily create accounts and transfer funds into Synths. In addition, this platform will quickly identify whether or not there is enough liquidity in the system so that users can take advantage of dynamic pricing.

Second, Synthetix plans to integrate external liquidity sources such as decentralised exchanges or Automated Market Makers (AMMs) so that external users and traders can connect directly with the Synthetix exchange. This could reduce slippage and increase transaction volume with external providers with greater liquidity reserves available.

Third, Synthetix has partnered with several liquidity providers such as MakerDAO and Compound Finance who offer automated tools for traders seeking better pricing or larger volumes in synthetic assets. With these solutions in place, traders can now use their Vaults to access additional capital within their markets, resulting in higher exposure via the greater volume visibility provided by providers like MakerDAO and Compound Finance.

Fourth, Synthetix will introduce Derivatives products such as options which offer sophisticated hedging capabilities on multiple markets simultaneously while providing additional exposure due to secondary settlement models like Protocol Hedging Solutions (PHS) that use collateralization techniques across a range of assets to inject more liquidity into synthetic asset markets enabling smoother trading on CEXs and DEXs alike through higher trading capacity limits via automation triggered by smart contracts deployed on the Ethereum network for users of both fiat currencies as well as those using stablecoins for margin lending requirements at scale heightened by less volatility thanks aiding solutions from DeFi projects from across sectors.

Managing Volatility

One of the major challenges that Synthetix faces is the management of volatility. As a result, Synthetix users are exposed to extreme price movements, risk of sudden flash crash events, and long-term price shifts due to long-term market cycles. To manage these risks, Synthetix employs several strategies to reduce volatility and support a healthy market for all participants.

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First, Synthetix employs four distinct levels of liquidity protection by limiting user positions in each asset depending on their balance band. This liquidity cap is dynamic and adjusts according to various conditions such as market depth and demand. Furthermore, the Synthetic Asset Exchange Platform (SXEP) which powers the Synthetix protocol includes advanced tools for portfolio management that enable users to allocate collateral wisely and determine appropriate leverage ratios.

Second, sUSD denominations are used throughout the platform, mitigating daily price movements. Moreover, hedging positions can be opened through decentralised exchanges (DEXs) such as Uniswap where sUSD can be exchanged with stablecoins (such as USDC) or another cryptocurrency asset class with low volatility (such as ETH).

Thirdly, algorithmic pricing models continuously monitor market prices while adjusting risk variables to maintain a stable product marketplace with minimised arbitrage opportunities that are weighted towards more stable assets such as USDC. Lastly, engaging with prominent derivatives exchanges such as AMMs allows for offsetting trades within the selected product pairings or hedging other cryptocurrency holdings against sUSD via SXEP’s derivatives offering on Ethereum mainnet or Binance Smart Chain (BSC).

Reducing Counterparty Risk

Synthetix is committed to helping reduce counterparty risk through blockchain infrastructure. Using smart contracts on the Ethereum blockchain helps ensure that user funds remain secure, mitigating the risk of lost funds due to malicious actors. Synthetix also incorporates multisig wallets, allowing greater control and protection of user funds.

Additionally, Synthetix has implemented a decentralised autonomous governance model with proactive management structures that help ensure any rogue actors are flagged quickly and addressed appropriately. All this helps to mitigate the risks associated with centralised exchanges and traditional financial markets.

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